Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

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Search Results: 11-20 of 184 results for “S”
  • Sanction

    1. Official approval or permission. 2. A punitive action by a government.
  • Saving

    The part of a budget that is not spent.
  • SBA

  • Scalability

    A characteristic that describes an entity's, organization's, model's, system's, or function's ability to change in size or scale during a period of increased demand to meet that demand.
  • Scarcity

    The gap between resources and demand.
  • Schedule Contract

    A contract that consolidates agency requirements by pre-establishing a bid opening date and requiring using agencies to submit requirements by a specified time. Also called schedule purchase.
  • Schedule of Events

    Also referred to as a “timetable” or “timeline.” It identifies the projected milestones in the procurement process from the beginning of the procurement to its finalization.
  • SCM

  • Scope of Work

    A written description of an entity’s needs and desired outcomes for a procurement developed at the beginning of the procurement cycle. The scope of work is the basis for any resulting solicitation; it helps ensure that the product or service meets the stated outcome and establishes the parameters of the resulting contract.
  • SCPA




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