Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

Search the Dictionary of Terms

Search Results: 181-185 of 185 results for “S”
  • Sustainable Procurement

    A purchasing and investment process that takes into account the economic, environmental, and social impacts of an entity's spending. See also: Environmentally Preferable Purchasing.
  • SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)

    Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats. A strategic planning tool used to improve organizational effectiveness; developed by Alfred Humphrey for business analysis.
  • System Infrastructure

    The fundamental enabling structure upon which a system operates, including technology platforms; software, and other standards; shared services; management support; and capabilities.
  • Systems Analysis

    The process of analyzing existing systems for the purpose of evaluating possible improvements in methods and procedures.
  • Systems Contract

    1. A contract that establishes a source of supply for a specified period for a large group or related family of materials 2. A method of procurement designed to improve the reordering of materials used repeatedly. May include a catalog with a list and description of items that can be purchased. See also: Blanket Order.



Is there a term missing from our dictionary?


Does a more concise or relevant definition apply?


Submit your comments/suggestions to our editorial board at dictionary@nigp.org