Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

Search the Dictionary of Terms

Search Results: 31-40 of 2432 results
  • Acknowledgement

    A written or electronic communication sent by the supplier to the entity that indicates that the supplier has accepted the order (Purchase Order). It may be a form of acceptance and may create a bilateral contract.
  • ACORD (Association of Cooperative Operations Research and Development)

    A global, nonprofit organization founded in 1970 that serves the insurance and related industries. ACORD facilitates fast, accurate data exchange and more efficient workflows through the development of electronic standards, standardized forms, and tools to support their use. (ACORD, 2015)
  • Acquisition

    1. The process of obtaining supplies, services, or construction through purchase, lease, or grants. 2. As defined under FAR 2.101, acquisition means the acquiring by contract with appropriated funds of supplies or services (including construction) by and for the use of the Federal Government through purchase or lease, whether the supplies or services are already in existence or must be created, developed, demonstrated, and evaluated. (U.S., FAR, 2005)
  • Acquisition Fee

    CANADIAN  The amount billed to cover the cost of initiating a Contract.
  • Act of God

    An unforeseen occurrence beyond human control, caused by nature, such as a tornado or hurricane. Not attributable to the negligence of the contractor. (Harney, 1992)
  • Actual Authority

    The specific right to perform acts and make decisions or prescribe rules governing the conduct of others as given to an agent by a principal. (Garner, 2004)
  • Actual Cost

    All direct and indirect costs incurred for services, supplies, or construction as distinguished from estimated or forecasted costs.
  • Actual Damages

    Real damages to compensate for loss or injuries that actually occurred, resulted from another’s wrongdoing, and can be precisely measured.
  • Ad Hoc Committee

    A committee created for a specific purpose that is in place for a short period of time. They are now being replaced by cross-functional teams in a less formalized setting.
  • Ad Valorem

    According to value. Customs duty (rate) that is generally charged on the value of goods irrespective of weight or other material considerations. Generally expressed as a percentage of the value of the goods as indicated on an invoice or bill of materials. (ISM Glossary, 2000)