Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
transfer and exchange of business
documents—including offers, purchase orders,
invoices, and payments—from one electronic
device to another using established technical
Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)
transfer of money from one banking
institution to another over an online network.
Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign)
Signed on June 30,
2000, by President Bill Clinton, an act that
made contracts sealed by a computer as
binding as those signed in pen and ink. Online
contracts have the same legal force as
equivalent paper contracts.
Electronic Sourcing (eSourcing)
A government order that restricts the
trade of specific goods or commerce with a
A purchase made as the
result of an unexpected and urgent request in
which health and safety or the conservation of
public resources is at risk. Usually, formal
competitive bidding procedures are waived,
modified, or simplified.
Employer Identification Number (EIN)
number assigned to a business unit or
individual for purposes of withholding tax;
used by many purchasing entities as a
supplier identification number. In government,
entities are referred to by their FEIN (9-digit
Federal Employer Identification Number).
An enacted law that
provides authority to an official or entity.
The task, either by rewriting or
transferring, of converting media of one
source type into media of another source