Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

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Search Results: 21-30 of 102 results for “E”
  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

    The electronic transfer and exchange of business documents—including offers, purchase orders, invoices, and payments—from one electronic device to another using established technical standards.
  • Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

    The electronic transfer of money from one banking institution to another over an online network.
  • Electronic Procurement

  • Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign)

    Signed on June 30, 2000, by President Bill Clinton, an act that made contracts sealed by a computer as binding as those signed in pen and ink. Online contracts have the same legal force as equivalent paper contracts.
  • Electronic Sourcing (eSourcing)

  • Embargo

    A government order that restricts the trade of specific goods or commerce with a specific country.
  • Emergency Purchase

    A purchase made as the result of an unexpected and urgent request in which health and safety or the conservation of public resources is at risk. Usually, formal competitive bidding procedures are waived, modified, or simplified.
  • Employer Identification Number (EIN)

    The number assigned to a business unit or individual for purposes of withholding tax; used by many purchasing entities as a supplier identification number. In government, entities are referred to by their FEIN (9-digit Federal Employer Identification Number).
  • Enabling Legislation

    An enacted law that provides authority to an official or entity.
  • Encoding

    The task, either by rewriting or transferring, of converting media of one source type into media of another source type.



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