Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

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Search Results: 141-150 of 185 results for “S”
  • Structural Deficit

    Deficit that remains across the business cycle because general tax levels are too low for the general level of government spending.
  • Structural Unemployment

    Unemployment caused by a mismatch between the skills or location of job seekers and the requirements or location of available jobs. (Schiller 2000)
  • Subcontract

    A contract that assigns some of the obligations of a prior contract to another party.
  • Subcontractor

    1. Any person or business entity employed to perform part of a contractual obligation under the control of the principal contractor. 2. Any supplier, distributor, or firm that furnishes supplies or services to a prime contractor or another subcontractor.
  • Subject-Matter Expert (SME)

    An individual who possesses exceptional skill and knowledge in a particular area of expertise. Generally, the SME understands technical details and terminology, is current with changing trends, and possesses historical knowledge. Procurement may invite SMEs to provide technical assistance or to serve on evaluation committees. (Business 2002)
  • Subrogation

    The substitution of one person in place of another with reference to a lawful claim, demand, or right, so that the one substituted succeeds to the rights of the other in relation to the debt or claim and its rights, remedies, and securities. (Black's Law Dictionary 1990)
  • Subsidy

    Money paid, usually by a government, to keep prices below what they would be in a free market, or to keep alive businesses that would otherwise fail. Subsidies can be a form of protectionism by making domestic goods and services artificially competitive against imports. (Schiller, 2000)
  • Substitute Good

    Good/product for which an increase (or fall) in demand for one leads to a fall (or increase) in demand for another (e.g., Ford vs.GM, Pepsi vs. Coke, Dell vs. Hewlett Packard). (Schiller 2000)
  • Succession Planning

    Developing and implementing strategies to address any identified leadership pipeline or workforce gaps.
  • Sunshine Law

    Florida’s “In the Sunshine Law,” commonly referred to as the “Sunshine Law,” provides a right of access to governmental proceedings of public boards or commissions at both the state and local levels.



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