Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Welcome to the NIGP Online Dictionary of Procurement Terms, the comprehensive reference for public purchasing terms and concepts.

Search the Dictionary of Terms

Search Results: 31-40 of 102 results for “M”
  • Marketing

    The action of promoting and selling a good or service, which includes market research and advertising.
  • Marketing Channel

    A group of organizations that moves products from their producer to customers; also called Channel of Distribution. (Ferrell and Hirt 2002)
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy (of Need)

    In psychology, a five-tier model in which human needs are ranked in order from lowest to highest.
  • Mass Production

    The manufacture of a large quantity of a standardized good, often by an automated process.
  • Material

    The substance from which something is composed or made.
  • Material Credit

    A credit issued by a warehouse upon the return of requisitioned supplies found to be in excess of requirements.
  • Material Defects

    Defects that are a matter of substance that affect price or quality and do not conform to the solicitation requirements.
  • Material Life Cycle

    The phases through which material assets pass, including assessing and planning material requirements; acquisition; operation, use, and maintenance; and disposal.
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

    Documentation concerning a hazardous chemical that identifies the chemical, the common names of the ingredients, the physical and chemical characteristics, the hazards of the chemicals, and the emergency and first aid procedures to be considered when working with the chemical.
  • Material Substitution

    A cost-saving strategy in which a less expensive acceptable material alternative, which meets the specification, is used in the production of a good or service.



Is there a term missing from our dictionary?


Does a more concise or relevant definition apply?


Submit your comments/suggestions to our editorial board at dictionary@nigp.org