Effective Contract Formation | NIGP

Effective Contract Formation

Procurement entities form contracts for products or services, in order to ensure that purchases achieve the desired results. Contract formation is a series of pre-award procurement steps that result in a legally-binding contract between an entity and a supplier.

Contract formation is the most important phase of contract administration, as it ultimately determines the success of a contract. Procurement officials need to understand how to prevent risks and retain the ability to mitigate issues after the contract is executed.

This course covers all contract administration activities that occur prior to the award of the contract.

Course Availability:

View upcoming dates for this course.

Online: Effective Contract Formation (Member Rate) $100.00
Online: Effective Contract Formation (Non-Member Rate) $150.00
Instructor: Online Learning
Level: Foundation


Upon successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Identify the parts of a contract.
  • Clarify ambiguous contract language.
  • Determine appropriate specification type for a project.
  • Identify the roles and responsibilities of contract administration team members.
  • Identify appropriate contract vehicles and deliverables.
  • Prepare implementation and payment milestones plans.
  • Determine inclusion of appropriate contract clauses for inspections, reporting, and remedies.
  • Identify the entity’s rights to rejections, damages and contract termination.
  • Identify contract risks.
  • Choose the appropriate contract clauses for a given situation.
  • Prepare a contract administration plan.
  • Establish a performance assessment plan.

Intended Audience

This course is targeted to individuals who meet or exceed the following professional demographics:  

  • Entry-level public procurement and central warehouse professionals who serve as assistants, coordinators, buyers, or equivalent functions within their respective entities.   

  • Non-procurement managers and supervisors who are responsible for either the procurement function or staff who provide procurement functions under delegated authority.   

  • Professionals who are employed by governing entities and special authorities (such as K-12 and higher education, publicly-owned utilities, transportation providers, and other publicly-funded or created organizations) that either serve within or manage the procurement function.  

  • Suppliers or representatives of suppliers seeking to understand the public procurement function from a holistic level, including the policies, standards, and procedures by which public entities must function.  

Delivery Formats Available


Contact Hours






Designed for public procurement professionals who are new to the profession or have 1-5 of experience.

UPPCC Domain Alignment

Domains 1, 2, 4, & 6

Available in this learning format...


This format is 100% self-paced and designed for those who want complete control of their schedule and learning timelines. Sessions are pre-recorded with lifetime access, ensuring there’s no expiration date.

Learn on your schedule

On-demand training is for professionals who prefer to develop the skills they need on their time and at their pace. Learners can start, stop and rewind the lessons at your convenience.

Completion Requirements

In order to successfully complete, learners must:

  • Complete all course modules.
  • Complete the post-course evaluation survey available in Aspire.